Shared Understanding

Each stakeholder group in a landscape comes to the LP with a different perspective, based on their own experience, values, priorities and expertise. Before they begin to negotiate, agree and act on collaborative landscape management plans, they require sufficient knowledge and information about the landscape as a whole to make informed decisions. The partners need to have a broadly agreed evidence base. While ‘experts’ can make valuable contributions, external analyses rarely provide a sufficient foundation to achieve such agreement. Rather, the partners themselves need to jointly generate, analyze and evaluate the information collected, from their different perspectives, usually with help from a neutral facilitator during a longer period of time and using a clear co-creation process (e.g. Theory U).

Shared understanding means that stakeholders understand the geography of the landscape–not only what is happening, but also why. They need to consider trajectories of change into the future. They also need to gain insight into the interests, needs and capacities of other stakeholders. In the process they may begin to perceive new ways of managing resources that could generate synergies and reduce tradeoffs.

Shared understanding means that stakeholders understand the landscape–its cultural and natural history, its geography, what is happening within its boundaries and why those things are occurring.
Shared Understanding

Shared Understanding Outputs

Map of the landscape boundaries

Collaborative action in a landscape requires delineating and agreeing on the geographic area where the LP will focus. Landscape delineation takes into account spatial information like jurisdictional boundaries, locations of major socio-economic activities; and key physical features like topography, rivers, towns, cultural landmarks; and ecological processes like water flow and wildlife movements. Read More

Suggested tools that can help achieve this output

  1. CarryMap
  2. Forland
  3. Google Earth
  4. Terraso Boundary Drawing Tool
  5. Mapeo
  6. Spatial Planning and Monitoring of Landscape Interventions: Maps that link people with their landscapes

Context analysis: history, state and trends of the landscape

Before planning future actions, stakeholders need to understand the history, current state and (future) projections of resource and land use in the landscape. Analyzing the ecological conditions/ecosystem services, social structures and norms, cultural and spiritual beliefs, economic opportunities, legal and institutional frameworks, financial flows, and market dynamics helps stakeholders assess important trends in their landscapes. It can be especially useful to clarify spatial patterns, how different areas of the landscape have been affected by these trends. Read More

Suggested tools that can help achieve this output

  1. Mapping Social Landscapes: A Guide to Identifying the Networks, Priorities, and Values of Restoration Actors
  2. Aqueduct Floods
  3. Crowther Lab
  4. iSDAsoil
  5. Kumu
  6. Nature Map
  7. OpenLandMap
  8. Soils Revealed
  9. Sustainable Landscapes Rating Tool
  10. Theory U: Stakeholder Interviews

Future scenarios

Scenario development can help actors in a landscape understand the likely future outcomes of continuing ‘business-as-usual’. They can co-create possible future scenarios, with specific spatial assumptions, and more realistically consider the opportunities, barriers, tradeoffs and synergies of alternative pathways. Read More

Suggested tools that can help achieve this output

  1. Soils Revealed
  2. Aqueduct Floods
  3. IPBES: The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services
  4. Scenario Planning
  5. Spatial modeling of participatory landscape scenarios: Synthesis and lessons learned from exploring potential SDG progress in 3 case studies
  6. Targeted Scenario Analysis (TSA)
  7. Theory U: 4D mapping

Assessment of landscape challenges and opportunities

A key output for the LP is a joint synthesis of the analyses and scenarios above, into an agreed assessment of priority landscape challenges and opportunities. Successful collaboration for ILM requires that all stakeholders have enough information to adequately negotiate and protect their interests, and that they also understand and respect the interests of other stakeholder groups. Read More

Suggested tools that can help achieve this output

  1. Adjust Group Size
  2. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) Guide: Situation Analysis
  3. Document and Summarize
  4. Prioritize and Ranking
  5. Risk/Opportunity Scorecard
  6. Theory U: Dialogue Interviews
  7. Theory U: Listening Exercise
  8. Theory U: Guided Journaling
  9. The Wheel of Multiple Perspectives
  10. Visual Reminders
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